EPNet – CEIPAC researcher Antoni Martin at AIAC 2018 25/5/2018

ICCA-AIAC 2918 19th International Conference of Classical Archaeology: “Archaeology & Economy in the Ancient World”. Colonia-Bonn (Germany).

23.05.2018 / 18:20 h – Session 11: Methodology: survey archaeology, natural sciences, quantification. Panel: 11.6 Computational approaches to Classical Archaeology.

EPNet presented paper “Reconstructing Laetanian Roman wine economy using Agent-Based Modelling (1st century BC-3rd century AD)” by Antoni Martín i Oliveras (speaker) Victor Revilla Calvo, Iza Romanowska, Jean Marc Montanier, Simon Carrignon, Xavier Rubio Campillo and José Remesal Rodriguez

Abstract.

Viticulture has played an important role in the economy of the Mediterranean coast of Hispania Citerior Tarraconensis between the 1st century BC and the 3rd century AD. The vineyards, wineries and pottery workshops are usually found clustering in specific areas, such as the Laetanian region located in the northeast coast of the Iberian Peninsula. Their spatial and temporal distribution has been previously interpreted as a proof of the existence of intensive and specialized winemaking economy, associated with large-scale production & trading of wine in bulk quantities targeting predominantly to overseas markets such us Gallia, Germania & Rome itself. This fact is further supported by the wide geographical distribution of specific Tarraconensis amphorae forms, which appear in the record of archaeological sites throughout the western part of the Empire. Here we present a explanatory data analysis coupled with an agent-based model simulating economic processes involved in the production, consumption and trade of the Laetanian wine. The model evaluates the strategies that this economic system could adopt in response to the competition from other provinces and the evolution of the wine consumption in the Roman society. We then compare the outcomes of such strategies with two sources of data: the changing dynamics of winemaking ab origine, i.e., in the Laetanian region and the changes in the frequencies of Tarraconensis amphoras ad destinum, that is, in the port of Ostia (Italy).

http://www.aiac2018.de/programme/sessions/#11-6_5

25.05.2018 / 14:30 h – Session 3: Systems of production: land use, industry, technology, artistic production. Panel 3.15: Villas, peasant agriculture, and the Roman rural economy.

EPNet presented paper “Quantifying Laetanian Roman wine production function (1st century BC-3rd century AD). A microeconomic approach to vineyard’s yields and winemaking processing facilities” by Antoni Martín i Oliveras (speaker), Victor Revilla Calvo and José Remesal Rodriguez .

Abstract.

Viticulture has played an important role in the economy of the Mediterranean coast of Hispania Citerior Tarraconensis between the 1st century BC and the 3rd century AD.
The vineyards, wineries and pottery workshops are usually found clustering in specific areas, such as the Laetanian region located in the northeast coast of the Iberian Peninsula. Their spatial and temporal distribution has been previously interpreted as a proof of the existence of intensive and specialized winemaking economy, associated with large-scale production & trading of wine in bulk quantities targeting predominantly to overseas markets.
Despite the significance of wine-growing activity in this territory and its more or less important role in the empire-wide economy, the processes involved in production, trade and consumption of Laetanian wine and its evolution over time, have not been quantifying using formal empirical economic models and further econometric methods.
Here we present a first approach to a microeconomic explanatory data analysis of this ancient wine production function, paying particular attention in vineyard’s yields and winemaking processing facilities, taking the values from Roman writing sources, archaeological record, experimentation and ethnographic or current viticulture data.
The main goal of this paper is to explain the different processes and agents involved in this supply chain and evaluate “ab origine” the changing dynamics of Laetanian wine production system.

http://www.aiac2018.de/programme/sessions/#3-15_10